Aortic Dissection

Aortic Dissection:
A Life-threatening Condition with Poor Clinical Outcomes

Aortic dissection is a tear in the inner layer of the aortic wall that creates a new channel for blood flow. As blood flows through this ‘false lumen’, normal blood flow to other parts of the body will slow or stop. Aortic dissection can be life-threatening if not identified and treated quickly.

There are two types of aortic dissection

Type A

Type A, the more common form of aortic dissection, involves the ascending aorta and may progress to the thoracoabdominal aorta. Type A dissections are a life-threatening condition which may cause the  aorta to rupture,
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Type B

Type B dissections are classified as hyperacute, acute, subacute, and chronic when relating to the time since onset of symptoms. Type B dissections are also classified according to their acuity as complicated, high-risk, or uncomplicated dissections.3 Complicated dissections are associated with rupture or reduced blood flow to vital organs, while patients with high-risk dissection present different clinical or imaging symptoms putting them at high-risk of early or late complications. Evidence accumulates that such patients require immediate intervention via open or endovascular surgery.
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mortality rate 


risk of paraplegia


reoperation rate

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